בחירת שורה של טקסט

הדוגמה בסעיף זה נלקח במעבד תמלילים פשוט. היא כוללת קוד המאפשר למשתמש כדי להגדיר את המיקום של סימן הכניסה על-ידי לחיצה במקום כלשהו בשורה של טקסט, בחר (האר) שורה של טקסט על-ידי לחיצה כפולה במקום כלשהו בשורה.

LRESULT APIENTRY MainWndProc(HWND hwndMain, UINT uMsg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam) 
{ 
    HDC hdc;                     // handle of device context 
    TEXTMETRIC tm;               // font size data 
    int i, j;                    // loop counters 
    int cCR = 0;                 // count of carriage returns 
    char ch;                     // character from input buffer 
    static int nBegLine;         // beginning of selected line 
    static int nCurrentLine = 0; // currently selected line 
    static int nLastLine = 0;    // last text line 
    static int nCaretPosX = 0;   // x-coordinate of caret 
    static int cch = 0;          // number of characters entered 
    static int nCharWidth = 0;   // exact width of a character 
    static char szHilite[128];   // text string to highlight 
    static DWORD dwCharX;        // average width of characters 
    static DWORD dwLineHeight;   // line height 
    static POINTS ptsCursor;     // coordinates of mouse cursor 
    static COLORREF crPrevText;  // previous text color 
    static COLORREF crPrevBk;    // previous background color 
    static PTCHAR pchInputBuf;   // address of input buffer 
    static BOOL fTextSelected = FALSE; // text-selection flag 
 
    switch (uMsg) 
    { 
        case WM_CREATE: 
 
            // Get the metrics of the current font. 
 
            hdc = GetDC(hwndMain); 
            GetTextMetrics(hdc, &tm); 
            ReleaseDC(hwndMain, hdc); 
 
            // Save the average character width and height. 
 
            dwCharX = tm.tmAveCharWidth; 
            dwLineHeight = tm.tmHeight; 
 
            // Allocate a buffer to store keyboard input. 
 
            pchInputBuf = (LPSTR) GlobalAlloc(GPTR, 
                BUFSIZE * sizeof(TCHAR)); 
 
            return 0; 
 
        case WM_CHAR: 
            switch (wParam) 
            { 
                case 0x08:  // backspace 
                case 0x0A:  // linefeed 
                case 0x1B:  // escape 
                    MessageBeep(0xFFFFFFFF); 
                    return 0; 
 
                case 0x09:  // tab 
 
                    // Convert tabs to four consecutive spaces. 
 
                    for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) 
                        SendMessage(hwndMain, WM_CHAR, 0x20, 0); 
                    return 0; 
 
                case 0x0D:  // carriage return 
 
                    // Record the carriage return, and position the 
                    // caret at the beginning of the new line. 
 
                    pchInputBuf[cch++] = 0x0D; 
                    nCaretPosX = 0; 
                    nCurrentLine += 1; 
                    break; 
 
                default:    / displayable character 
 
                    ch = (char) wParam; 
                    HideCaret(hwndMain); 
 
                    // Retrieve the character's width, and display the 
                    // character. 
 
                    hdc = GetDC(hwndMain); 
                    GetCharWidth32(hdc, (UINT) wParam, (UINT) wParam, 
                        &nCharWidth); 
                    TextOut(hdc, nCaretPosX, 
                        nCurrentLine * dwLineHeight, &ch, 1); 
                    ReleaseDC(hwndMain, hdc); 
 
                    // Store the character in the buffer. 
 
                    pchInputBuf[cch++] = ch; 
 
                    // Calculate the new horizontal position of the 
                    // caret. If the new position exceeds the maximum, 
                    // insert a carriage return and reposition the 
                    // caret at the beginning of the next line. 
 
                    nCaretPosX += nCharWidth; 
                    if ((DWORD) nCaretPosX > dwMaxCharX) 
                    { 
                        nCaretPosX = 0; 
                        pchInputBuf[cch++] = 0x0D; 
                        ++nCurrentLine; 
                    } 
 
                    ShowCaret(hwndMain); 
 
                    break; 
            } 
            SetCaretPos(nCaretPosX, nCurrentLine * dwLineHeight); 
            nLastLine = max(nLastLine, nCurrentLine); 
            break; 
 
        // Process other messages. 
 
        case WM_LBUTTONDOWN: 
 
            // If a line of text is currently highlighted, redraw 
            // the text to remove the highlighting. 
 
            if (fTextSelected) 
            { 
                hdc = GetDC(hwndMain); 
                SetTextColor(hdc, crPrevText); 
                SetBkColor(hdc, crPrevBk); 
                TextOut(hdc, 0, nCurrentLine * dwLineHeight, 
                    szHilite, lstrlen(szHilite)); 
                ReleaseDC(hwndMain, hdc); 
                ShowCaret(hwndMain); 
                fTextSelected = FALSE; 
            } 
 
            // Save the current mouse-cursor coordinates. 
 
            ptsCursor = MAKEPOINTS(lParam); 
 
            // Determine which line the cursor is on, and save 
            // the line number. Do not allow line numbers greater 
            // than the number of the last line of text. The 
            // line number is later multiplied by the average height 
            // of the current font. The result is used to set the 
            // y-coordinate of the caret. 
 
            nCurrentLine = min((int)(ptsCursor.y / dwLineHeight), 
                nLastLine); 
 
            // Parse the text input buffer to find the first 
            // character in the selected line of text. Each 
            // line ends with a carriage return, so it is possible 
            // to count the carriage returns to find the selected 
            // line. 
 
            cCR = 0; 
            nBegLine = 0; 
            if (nCurrentLine != 0) 
            { 
                for (i = 0; (i < cch) && 
                        (cCR < nCurrentLine); i++) 
                { 
                    if (pchInputBuf[i] == 0x0D) 
                        ++cCR; 
                } 
                nBegLine = i; 
            } 
 
            // Starting at the beginning of the selected line, 
            // measure  the width of each character, summing the 
            // width with each character measured. Stop when the 
            // sum is greater than the x-coordinate of the cursor. 
            // The sum is used to set the x-coordinate of the caret. 
 
            hdc = GetDC(hwndMain); 
            nCaretPosX = 0; 
            for (i = nBegLine; 
                (pchInputBuf[i] != 0x0D) && (i < cch); i++) 
            { 
                ch = pchInputBuf[i]; 
                GetCharWidth32(hdc, (int) ch, (int) ch, &nCharWidth); 
                if ((nCaretPosX + nCharWidth) > ptsCursor.x) break; 
                else nCaretPosX += nCharWidth; 
            } 
            ReleaseDC(hwndMain, hdc); 
 
            // Set the caret to the user-selected position. 
 
            SetCaretPos(nCaretPosX, nCurrentLine * dwLineHeight); 
            break; 
 
        case WM_LBUTTONDBLCLK: 
 
            // Copy the selected line of text to a buffer. 
 
            for (i = nBegLine, j = 0; (pchInputBuf[i] != 0x0D) && 
                    (i < cch); i++) 
            {
                szHilite[j++] = pchInputBuf[i]; 
            }
            szHilite[j] = '\0'; 
 
            // Hide the caret, invert the background and foreground 
            // colors, and then redraw the selected line. 
 
            HideCaret(hwndMain); 
            hdc = GetDC(hwndMain); 
            crPrevText = SetTextColor(hdc, RGB(255, 255, 255)); 
            crPrevBk = SetBkColor(hdc, RGB(0, 0, 0)); 
            TextOut(hdc, 0, nCurrentLine * dwLineHeight, szHilite, 
                lstrlen(szHilite)); 
            SetTextColor(hdc, crPrevText); 
            SetBkColor(hdc, crPrevBk); 
            ReleaseDC(hwndMain, hdc); 
 
            fTextSelected = TRUE; 
            break; 

            // Process other messages. 

        default: 
            return DefWindowProc(hwndMain, uMsg, wParam, lParam); 
    } 
    return NULL; 
}